The bow arm is the arm/hand that holds the bow up. It’s sometimes referred to as a “dead-post” because it doesn’t really do anything special, other than hold the bow. This being said, your bow arm has the greatest effect on accuracy. This applies to both traditional and modern bows.
The steps to proper grip are as follows:
1. If you are right-handed, grip the bow with your left hand. This is called your bow arm/hand. But you’re not really gripping the bow; you’re simply holding the bow and pushing it forward. If you grip the bow too tightly you’ll torque it side to side, causing you to miss left or right. The best way to avoid torque is to lightly touch the tip of your thumb and index finger together and allow your other fingers to remain relaxed.
2. Keep the bow’s grip settled in the “throat” of your hand (between your thumb and index finger.) Keep your wrist straight so that it’s in-line with your forearm bones. If you allow your wrist to bend outward it will cause the bow to settle at the base of your thumb, which causes movement. As you relax your grip on the bow, you will feel the bow settle at a balanced fulcrum point in the throat of your hand.
3. The most common mistake for beginner archers is to allow the elbow to bend downward. This increases the chance of slapping your arm with the string. Therefore, you must bend your elbow slightly outward. This might seem a little weird at first, but in time it will become natural.
4. As you draw the bow back, your bow arm pushes the bow forward. Remember, your back muscles are doing all the work. As you squeeze your shoulder blades together, your bow arm and your shooting arm apply pressure in opposite directions. At the shot, both arms continue in opposite directions. This is called follow through and will be covered in a future post.
Click here for Step #3: The Release Arm